This publication has been produced with the assistance of the European Union. The contents of this publication is the sole responsibility of the authors and can in no way be taken to reflect the views of the European Union.
According to V. Shubin, 421 species of cap fungi grow in the district. Edible mushrooms are represented by 208, poisonous - by 22 and mushrooms with medicinal properties - by 43 species. 18 species of fungi are classified as rare and vulnerable. Biological resources of edible mushrooms in accessible young tree stands on dry soils were calculated (tab.). Up to 1780 ton of mushrooms can be harvested in an average-productivity year. These very rough calculations prove that much of the rich mushroom resources in the district remain unutilized. Fifteen so far not widely known species of edible mushrooms have been recommended for harvesting in the first place.
Table 2. Biological resources of edible mushrooms in accessible young tree stands on dry soils
Area, 1000 ha
Average yield, kg/ha
Harvestable stock, ton
Lichen pine forest
Cowberry pine forest
Bilberry pine forest
Cowberry spruce forest
Bilberry spruce forest
Note. The harvestable area was set equal to 40% of the total area.